AGE: – 20th Century
CONSTRUCTION: – Bronze
DESCRIPTION: – Mandalay Pendant Legged Bronze Buddha Statue
HEIGHT: – 50cm
WIDTH: – 24.5cm
DEPTH: – 18.5cm
WEIGHT: – 9.5 Kg.
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Mandalay Pendant Legged Bronze Buddha Statue seated on a high stepped pedestal, flanked by two devotees kneeling on either side. This posture with the legs pendant is also referred to as European posture or “pralambapadasana” in Sanskrit, meaning the sitting posture, with both legs pendant.
The pendant legged Buddha image is often seen with the hand gesture in Abhaya Mudra with the elbow bent and right hand palm facing outwards with the fingers extended upwards. This is the gesture of reassurance, blessing, and protection, or “do not fear”. This posture is usually accompanied by the left hand resting in the lap with the palm facing upwards. The Buddha when seen holding an object in the left hand is referred to as the medicine Buddha. The two devotees kneeling at the feet of the Buddha statue are separate pieces.
The term “European posture” was first introduced at the end of the 19th Century when referring to the Pendant legged Buddha statue by the Europeans during colonial occupation.
The Pendant legged posture is thought to have originated and seen first in Gandharan Buddha images. According to the paper written by Nicolas Revire “Some Reconsideration’s on Pendant-Legged Buddha Images in the Dvaravati Artistic Tradition“, regarding the pendant legged Buddha, this style precedes the Jambhupati style, and that that the pendant legged style went out of fashion just prior to the introduction of the crowned and bejeweled style of Buddha statue which emerged in India from the 8th century onward. Although some Pala images and a few Buddha images from kashmir overlap these two traditions and a few pendant legged Buddha statues are seen wearing a crown, but rarely.