AGE: – 17th – 18th Century (could be earlier)
CONSTRUCTION: – Stoneware
DESCRIPTION: – Chinese Stoneware Glazed Martaban Jar – good condition
HEIGHT: – 29cm
CIRCUMFERENCE WIDEST PART:– 70cm
BASE DIAMETER: – 11cm
TOP OPENING DIAMETER: – 10cm
WEIGHT:– 3.45 kg.
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The Chinese Stoneware Glazed Martaban Jar is commonly known by the name in which they were thought to have originated from. Martaban is presently called Mottama a small town in the Thaton district of Myanmar. During earlier times it was an important transit port used as a stopover.
Many of these Martaban jars are traditionally large and usually of reddish or brown colour. In the Far East the term “Martaban” refers to the large Ming and Yuan celadon jars and plates rather than to the traditional large storage jars that is more commonly referred to as Martaban jars.
These jars were made to carry different kinds of liquids or spices that were destined for the European market and to many other parts of Asia.
Smaller jars such as this would have more than likely carried wine or oil.
Although they are referred to as Martaban jars, which would imply that they originated in Martaban (Mottama), they were often produced in kilns in China and in many other parts of Asia. Many of these jars were found in and around the wreckage of sunken Chinese merchant ships that plied the oceans exporting huge quantities of ceramics to various destinations throughout South East Asia.
A brief study By Sara Teixeira Simoes on the Martaban Jars