AGE: – 19th Century
CONSTRUCTION: – Alabaster
DESCRIPTION: – Burmese Alabaster King Buddha Statue, lovely serene face with large earrings and rings on his finger
HEIGHT: – 43cm
WIDTH: – 30cm
DEPTH: – 9cm
WEIGHT: – 15.3 kg.
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Antique Burmese Alabaster King Buddha Statue Mon style decorated with a large lotus medallion in the centre of the body, a row of lotus petals decorate the neckline, wearing large earrings and a three tiered crown. The headband is decorated with lotus medallions under a carved tiered crown of individually incised lotus petals. A smooth broad rounded finial sits on top of the crown. The right hand with fingers in the earth touch mudra are decorated with rings.
Most Mon style Buddha statues are seated in the folded-leg position with the hand gesture in Bhumisparsa mudra. All five fingers of the right hand extended to towards the ground (bhumisparsa mudra). The most important differences between a Mon image and a Burmese Buddha statue is the shape of the face and the way in which it is crafted.
The Mon Kingdom also referred to as Hanthawaddy Kingdom, kingdom of the Mon people, held a lot of power in Burma from the 9th to the 11th century, 13th to the 16th century and once again for a brief period in the mid 18th century.
The Mon migrated southward from western China and settled in the Chao Phraya River basin of southern Thailand in the 6th century AD. During this time they were were strongly influenced by the Khmer civilization. They then migrated westward into the Irrawaddy River delta of southern Burma. In the coming centuries, they adopted Theravada Buddhism as their state religion and from South India and Ceylon they adopted the Indian Pali script. By 825AD they had firmly established themselves in southern and south eastern Burma and founded the cities of Pegu and Thaton.
The Mon are thought to be the most ancient ethnic group of the Suvarnabhumi region, and around the 11th Century was the most influential of all the Burmese kingdoms. Today there are very few Mon numbers compared to the ethnic Burmans. The Mon of earlier times used mostly alabaster stone and bronze to make Buddha Statues.