AGE: – 18th – 19th Century
DESCRIPTION: – Antique Marble Thai Lanna Buddha Statue – decorative gilding added more recently
HEIGHT: – 79cm
WIDTH: – 51cm
DEPTH: – 22cm
WEIGHT: – 59.35 kg.
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An amazing Antique Marble Thai Lanna Buddha Statue crafted from one piece of marble. The Buddha is seated on a double lotus pedestal with hand gesture in bhumisparsa mudra, “Earth Touching position”. The seating posture with the right leg on top, crossed over the left leg, with soles facing upwards is commonly seen in the Sukhothai Lanna style Buddha statues. Other names used for this posture are “hero posture” or Virasana (paryankasana) posture.
This Thai Lanna style Sukhothai Buddha statue along with this similar style Lanna Buddha statue on our website would more than likely come from the same pagoda or temple. They have been clearly repainted, which is not unusual in Burma, the monks often put their hands to refreshing old statues, not always expertly.
There are some small differences in these statues which lead us to believe that they were possibly crafted in Myanmar. Firstly, the finial is unusual for the Thai style, in most Thai statues the finial is in the shape of a flame, whereas the finial on this statue is long, smooth and pointed, possibly a Burmese influence, secondly, the lapel in Thai Buddha are mostly plain, ending at chest level or reaching the waist. The lapel on this Buddha statue has a frill ending at chest level and is rarely seen in Thai statues. Thirdly, there is an abundance of brass Thai Buddha statues in this style, to date we have never come across a marble statue in this style.
It is likely that this Buddha statue was being prepared for gilding, the aureola has a coating of brownish lacquer which is mostly painted on in preparation for gilding. Instead it was given a coat of gold paint emphasizing the lotus petals around the pedestal and again outlining the robe and lapel of the Buddha.
The Lanna style Sukhothai Buddha image are found in several forms, one being the popular walking style, sometimes referred to as the wandering or walking Buddha seen in this shrine, the Buddha in Parinirvana (lying down), and the seated statues. The first Thai Buddha statues were modeled after the Indian Pala style. After the 14th century the Sukhothai style emerged. The famous Buddha statue Phra Phuttha Chinnaraj seen in the Thai Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat in the province of Phgitsanulok in Thailand is similar in style to this.
The Phra Phuttha Chinnarat Buddha image is the second most revered image in Thailand and thousands of small amulets of this Buddha statue are sold all over South East Asia.
Having done some research we have come across a couple of Thai Buddha statues with a frill at the end of the lapel – Two examples, both very old, both in the historical park in the district of Sukhothai, and another Buddha Statues in the same area. As in the Phra Phuttha Chinnarat Buddha image style, this marble statue also shows the Buddha flanked by nagas’.